BOTTGER c.1715 – 1719 Dutch Decorated Early German Porcelain
A Böttger Teabowl and Saucer c.1715-1719. The White Hard-Pate Teabowl and Saucer in Imitation of Blanc de Chine and or Japanese Porcelain with Three Applied Flowering Branches of Roses in High-Relief.
The tea bowl with a section re-stuck, this has been well restored.
Diameter of saucer : 12.1 cm (4 3/4 inches).
For the original Böttger porcelain coffee cup and saucer maquette by Johann Jacob Irminger with a similar sprig design dated to after 1713 see : Meissen, La Decouverte De La Porcelaine Europeenne en Saxe, J.F. Böttger (Various authoers, Pygmalion 1982. ISBN 2-85704-164-0) plate 189.
This type of decoration is clearly influenced by Blanc de Chine porcelain from Dehua but Augustus the Strong also had Japanese porcelain with raised decoration. The present teabowl and saucers decoration is perhaps closer to the Japanese porcelain in Augustus the Strong`s collection in that it is far more exuberant and the relief is much more pronounced than one finds on Blanc de Chine porcelain. The Japanese porcelain was enamelled in Japan using green, red and gold.
Johann Friedrich Böttger 1682-1719 was a German alchemist. He was born in Schleiz, and died in Dresden. He was generally acknowledged as the inventor of European porcelain although more recent sources ascribe this to Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus. Böttger is still credited with developing the manufacture of porcelain in Europe.