A Rare Early 18th Century Chinese Porcelain Beaker and Saucer After a St. Cloud Original
A rare late Kangxi, Yongzheng or early Qianlong beaker and saucer c.1720 – 1740. This reeded beaker and saucer is a direct copy of a French soft-paste porcelain original from Saint Cloud. The saucer and the beaker have even got a copy of the St. Cloud sun-mark. The iron-red decoration, which changes the decorative scheme to imari, is perhaps added in Holland, c.1730-1740.
St. Cloud Lambrequin Design :
This design is in a style traditionally related to the great Baroque designer to the French court of Louis XIV, Jean Berain (1640-1711). Berain`s style of grotesques and strap-work were used on all types of decorative art from furniture to tapestries, silver ware and just about anything else. His stylistic language is based on a Renaissance understanding of a type of Roman design. However the designs one finds on St.Cloud porcelain are more linear and weightless, they are more in keeping with ornamental prints. Of the more complex designs, a few have been possible to identify from the original source material. They are not taken from Berain designs but from the etchings of a prolific architect Jacques Androuent Du Cereau, who early in his life spent time working in Italy (in the 1530`s). However it seems to me inconceivable that his designs would have been used in the early 18th century unless Berain and his grotesque style were so popular. Both are interpretations of Classical Roman design but from different generations.
An Original St. Cloud Beaker and Saucer of the Same Design (sold – 24803)
Together with the Chinese copy stock number 24721 for sale now.
The beaker is badly damaged and repaired ; there is a double section of rim broken out and restuck, the exterior has been restored, there are also two very fine hairline cracks sealed. The saucer is in perfect condition.
Diameter of the saucer : 12 cm (4 3/4 inches)
David Hyatt King 26th September 1998.
The Helen Espir Collection of European Decorated Chinese Export Porcelain : "a member of the Oriental Ceramic Society and collector, with her husband. Having made a typical collection of Song and provincial Ming blue and white, they decided to concentrate on what used to be called `clobbered` porcelain. She is the author of the standard work on the subject, European Decoration on Oriental Porcelain,2005, the first to examine the work of European decorators on Chinese porcelain throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, focusing on enamellers in Holland, Germany and England. She has learned Chinese." From Provenance ; Collectors, Dealers & Scholars : Chinese Ceramics in Britain & America (Roy Davids, Dominic Jellinek, Privately Printed, 2011. ISBN 978-0-9570148-0-0).
For a related 18th century Saint Cloud teabowl and Saucer See : French Porcelain, A Catalogue of the British Museum (Aileen Dawson, British Museum Press,1994) Page 24, Item 25.
Stock number: 24721.