WESTERN XIA DYNASTY 1032/38 – 1227 Cizhou Type Stoneware

A Western Xia Dynasty Stoneware Vase of `Cizhou` Type, Probably Ningxia Province, 11th or 12th Century. The Squat, Thickly Potted Vase with Sgraffito Decoration of Flowers, Possibly Hibiscus, Arranged Around a Central Register. The Slip was Cut to Reveal the Stoneware Body and then the Surface was Given a Clear Glaze Apart from the Lowest Part and Base.

In perfect condition. The slip around the neck has shrunk during firing producing firing faults, there are other minor firing faults.
Height : 17.3 cm (6 3/4 inches).
Stock number
For a Western Xia brown glazed vase of similar form see : Yuegutang, A Collection of Chinese Ceramics in Berlin (Regina Krahl, G+H Verlag, Berlin, 2000) page 224, plate 178.



Western Xia Dynasty 1032/38 - 1227 :
This dynasty has been overlooked by most ceramic historians until recently. The ceramics that survive from the Xia dynasty are mostly of `Cizhou` type, stonewares, often with thick black or less often cream slip with sgraffito type cut through decoration that reveal the stoneware body, the surface would then be given a clear glaze. The Western Xia dynasty controlled the area of north western Chinese provinces of Ningxia, Gansu, eastern Qinghai, northern Shaanxi, north eastern Xinjiang, south west Inner Mongolia, and southernmost Outer Mongolia,The Western Xia made significant achievements in literature, art, music, and architecture, which was characterized as “shining and sparkling”. Their extensive stance among the other empires of the Liao, Song, and Jin was attributable to their effective military organizations that integrated cavalry, chariots, archery, shields, artillery (cannons carried on the back of camels), and amphibious troops for combats on the land and water. The state suffered from devastating destruction by the Mongols who founded Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368). For more information see : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_Xia